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High school students hear, relentlessly, “You have to go to college!” But when underrepresented students look at the graduation rates, they might wonder, “Why are people encouraging me to borrow thousands of dollars to attend an institution in which people like me have a 1-out-of-5 chance of graduating”?

Instead of trying to fit students into a system that’s not designed for them, we decided to change the system. We found a program that’s been successful in Boston; Los Angeles; and Austin, Texas and we’re bringing it here. We identified the seven reasons why folks don’t graduate and solved for those problems.

Reason No. 1: Some people sign up for college without any idea of why they’re there. In our program, that’s where the learning coach comes in. What do you want your career to be in? Most people haven’t really explored a range of different possibilities. Your coach will be in ongoing conversation with you about your interests, and will help you set up informational interviews, job shadows, internships, and a range of possible entry level jobs at different organizations so you can find a career the fills your wallet and feeds your soul. Sometimes we call the coaches “agents.” In our program, you’re going to have an agent who is out hustling for you, accessing our network of people, trying to help you to create new opportunities for yourself.

Reason No. 2: Some people get to class and see, again, another teacher writing equations on a whiteboard and wonder, “Seriously? What does this have to do with my life? When will I ever need this?” The college we partner with solved this by linking up with employers and asking them, “What skills and competencies do your employees need to succeed on the job?” So instead of factoring the cosine of an isosceles triangle, you’ll be asked to demonstrate the ability to “recognize flaws and inconsistencies in an argument” or “generate a variety of approaches to addressing a problem.” Everybody needs to learn how to do those things, no matter what your job is.

Reason No. 3: When things go wrong, when you’re not doing well in a class or when you don’t understand something, many students have no one to ask for help. We built in a solution for that. Every student is assigned a coach whose job is to be there for you no matter what. Personal issues, problems with your courses, issues with classmates, or at your job . . . your coach’s job is to help you solve them. You’re not out there by yourself.

Reason No. 4: Some people have transportation issues that can make getting to campus at a specific time a thorny problem. That’s why the curriculum is available online, at any time. So if your car breaks down or if you get sick and you miss an appointment, it’s cool. We can make it up.

Coming tomorrow, Reason No. 5. To learn more about the program, visit http://studiolearning.us.

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We need to stop fighting racism

A few years ago, I was teaching a unit on the $15 minimum wage issue. This was before it had become law in Seattle, back when it was still a hotly debated issue. We read articles, watched videos, and met guest speakers to learn more about it. The CEO of a mid-sized business visited my classroom and shared stories with students about how the proposed law would affect him and his employees. He was in favor of the wage increase.

The conversation lasted about an hour before he posed a question to the group, which was populated primarily by low-income students of color. He asked them:

How many of you support the proposal to raise the minimum wage to $15?

In a room of 60 students, maybe two or three raised their hand.

How many of you are opposed to it? About 15-20 students raised their hand.

The business owner was stunned. He couldn’t understand why students opposed a law that was designed to put more money in their pocket. So he asked the question. Why?

One brave student volunteered a response: “I don’t know, I just feel like $15 is a lot of money. I don’t know if we’re worth it. $11 seems like it might be more fair.”

The adults in the room lowered their heads and stared at the floor.

* * *

This is why I’m having a hard time matching the fury and outrage I’m reading on social media in the wake of police violence this week. Those incidents were undeniably horrific. We should be upset. We should demand justice and reparations. But in my work as a public school teacher, I see violence every day. It’s a different kind of violence—it’s not graphic, or visual, or spectacular. It’s structural. It’s systemic. It’s a force that teaches people to live a life that’s less than what they deserve.

I read a report recently that revealed that Black and Latino students in South King County who enroll in a community or technical college have approximately a 2-in-10 chance of earning a two-year credential within three years. I know very few people who are talking about this.

Taking someone’s life with a gunshot is wrong. But so is setting up a system that traps people into poverty. One is sensationalized in our news feeds. The other is business as usual.

* * *

We need to stop fighting. We need to stop fighting racism. No more fighting rape culture, oil companies, and corrupt criminal justice systems. We need to stop fighting, and rededicate ourselves to the work of building, supporting, encouraging, and growing the society we want. Instead of responding viscerally to graphic incidents of violence in our society, we need to recognize that there is violence—perhaps not the kind that is visually spectacular—that’s hurting people every day, all the time, constantly. Responding emotionally, with a march and protest, is understandable and cathartic. But we can do better.

We can respond with a genuine commitment to seeing and responding to structural violence—the kind that doesn’t necessarily fill our social media news feeds.

We can do boring things like identifying a local politician who represents your values and signing up to make a modest monthly donation. If we all contribute to candidates who are committed to helping the most vulnerable among us, those candidates don’t have to spend as much time raising money from big donors and can focus on creating solutions. (As for me, I’m with Pramila. Who do you support?)

We can do boring things like finding a local nonprofit that’s doing important work in the community, and signing up to send them money, consistently. That way, the staff members can focus on providing services to people in need instead of planning yet another fundraising event. (As for me, I’m with FEEST. Who do you support?)

We can look around at the systems in place at our workplaces, schools, communities and ask if there might be a better way. (As for me, I’m doing little things like trying to find allies for change at my school, and big things like starting a new nonprofit. What little and big things can you do?)

We can deepen our understanding of institutionalized racism, which is work so complex that it can take our entire lifetime—and is so important that it deserves our entire lifetime. (I’m grateful to the People’s Institute for Survival and Beyond, which elevated my consciousness and put me on a path towards wholeness.)

We can, instead of responding with fury and outrage in the moment, recommit ourselves to playing the long game. We, as individuals, didn’t pull the trigger. We, as individuals, didn’t cause the structural violence that hurts so many. And we, as individuals, are not going to solve these issues by ourselves, today.

But we can cultivate a disposition within ourselves—with a bias towards action, especially the boring stuff—that can help us build, support, encourage, and grow something beautiful.

* * *

None of this is new. It’s merely a loving reminder of what we already know.

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The Schott Foundation released a report earlier this year that identified the graduation rates for black males across the country. The national average in 2013 was 59%. In Seattle, it was 57%.

As educators, we have to do better. But that’s not going to happen if we roll out the same school programs that we’ve rolled out every year for decades. The Washington State legislature recently increased the number of credits required to graduate from 21 to 24. For those who don’t work in schools, here’s quick reminder: a half credit is earned by passing a one-semester class. At a typical school, students take six classes each semester. That means, under the new rules, students will have to pass every single one of their 48 classes over four years of high school to remain on track to graduate.

There is an old saying in politics: never let a good crisis go to waste. This is our opportunity to bring innovation to a system that is in desperate need of reinvention. The alternative? An ongoing—and intensifying—civil rights disaster.

What if Seattle seized this moment and fostered new school models that were designed to give power to our most disenfranchised students?

What if Seattle became the national leader in high school graduation rates for black males?

What if this movement was led by a multicultural coalition, including white people with the guts to take responsibility for their role in sustaining the institutionally racist systems currently in place?

What if everyone involved was held accountable not to rich foundations or politicians, but to people of color doing grassroots organizing in their communities?

What if Seattle became the place where we acted as if Black lives matter?

(Learn more at http://studiolearning.us. For more information on how you can help, contact steve@studiolearning.us.)

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I was hanging out with a friend, a scientist who thinks a lot about teaching and learning. He has taught in the Honors college at a nearby university, and has also served on the university’s admissions committee. I asked him, “What do you think is a reasonable goal for students graduating from high school?”

We talked about a lot of things, but there was one point that he really wanted to drive home. It’s something that he sees often in his students in the Honors program, although not all.

He says, “They should be able to kickstart something on their own.”

Not just critique someone else’s work. They should be able to produce something new: a new idea, a new combination made from existing things, or a new direction off the beaten path. Students who have been trained only to critique, and not create, get less out of the college experience.

Our K-12 schools are not designed to nurture this. That’s a problem not only in maximizing one’s college experience, but also for thriving in a creative economy.

* * *

I read a great story in one of Seth Godin’s books that goes something like this: he calls his two best employees into his office and says, You two are best employees I’ve got. You haven’t been wrong on anything in over six months. Now, if you’re not wrong about something in the next month, you’re fired.

The point is that by avoiding mistakes, we also avoid opportunities. It’s easy to play it safe and choose the safe, predictable path. But in doing so, we miss out. Maxwell House, Godin suggests, could have done what Starbucks did. Blockbuster could have started sending DVDs to customers in the mail, but Netflix beat them to it. Why didn’t American Express invent PayPal? These companies were pretending like we still live in a factory economy where showing up is all that matters. Everyone was just doing their job, following directions, continuing along the beaten path.

* * *

Students should be learning to kickstart something on their own. Using the old way of thinking about school, I can imagine folks saying, “Yes! Let’s make it a graduation requirement that students must kickstart something!”

This, of course, doesn’t work. By forcing students to engage in specific activities that teachers and administrators find important, students immediately begin looking for ways to make the requirement go away. So they’ll brainstorm ways to cheat, lie, or recycle something they’ve already done.

Instead, we’re much more likely to have success in helping students learn this skill by surrounding them with role models who have done it, then giving them lots of opportunities to do it.

Here’s an example. I recently met a guy who was a music teacher at a Jewish pre-school and noticed a rich supply of found objects in the arts & crafts room. To make things more fun and interesting for the kids, he decided to mix in a puppet show with his music instruction. He got some felt, papier mache, glue, pipe cleaners, old socks, and a million other things. Then he made puppets. He was such a huge hit, he started performing at bar mitzvahs around the city. He even booked a tour of Jewish parties, school, and synagogues all the way down to California.

Imagine hiring teachers who model this kind of disposition. It’s the kind of thing that would make kids think, “Now, what could I kickstart that would be as cool as that?”

(Get updates at www.twitter.com/stevemiranda.)

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In the old days, young people served apprenticeships with elders as a way of mastering a craft.

Now, young people try to land internships. An internship, you see, could look really good on your resume or your application to graduate school.

* * *

An apprenticeship is about gaining valuable, applicable, real-life skills right now.

An internship is about gaining a leg up on the competition, about maneuvering up the corporate hierarchy, positioning one’s self for the future.

* * *

An apprenticeship is about establishing a deep relationship with a mentor, a master craftsman.

An internship is about networking, about securing a coveted letter of recommendation that might be useful later.

* * *

An apprenticeship is about dedication to a craft and gaining a skill that will allow you to make a contribution.

An internship is about participating in a process that will, hopefully, grant you a type of certification in the eyes of a gatekeeper.

* * *

I’m using these two words—apprenticeship and certification—in a way that’s overly simplistic, but I’m doing it to make a point: when your daughter heads off to school each morning, does she treat it like an apprenticeship or an internship?

Is she more concerned with learning something interesting, or her GPA? Is she developing deep relationships with mentors, or merely securing snazzy letters of recommendation? Is she learning something useful right now, or participating in a ritual as preparation for the future?

* * *

Here’s perhaps the most important question: does your daughter’s school view it’s work as closer to providing apprenticeships, or internships?

(Get updates at www.twitter.com/stevemiranda.)

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I’m reading Paul Tough’s book “Whatever It Takes,” which documents Geoffrey Canada’s amazing work building the Harlem Children’s Zone.

When I first heard of this book I avoided it, probably because the title suggested to me that the way to tackle poverty is just work really hard, sacrifice for the cause, and, you know, just do whatever it takes!

It turns out, the book is much more nuanced than that.

* * *

I’ve been asking myself a question lately. Every kid, in every school, is moving along a certain life trajectory. Kids from privileged families across the country are making their ways towards private colleges. Meanwhile students dealing with socioeconomic disadvantage, all too often, are facing an uphill battle.

Are we, as teachers in schools, having an impact on those life trajectories? Or, are we merely bearing witness to what is already going to happen anyway?

* * *

A big part of Geoffrey Canada’s work with Harlem Children’s Zone is something called Baby College. A team of staff members canvasses the neighborhood to recruit new parents into a program that educates them on the latest research on things like positive discipline, nutrition, and brain development. The book describes in great detail the ways in which parents grapple with these ideas and how some struggle to change long held beliefs about how to raise a child.

But the specific facts about specific parenting strategies are not the point, according to the author. He writes,

“In the end, the real goal of Baby College was not to impart information. It was to change the parents’ whole vision of themselves as parents, to encourage them to accept the idea that their child’s education and intellectual development began at birth, if not before, and that they, as parents, had a crucial role to play in that development. If they got that . . . the details would be more likely to work themselves out.”

What he’s talking about is changing the trajectory of their lives as parents.

* * *

In school, we focus on imparting information: reading, writing, arithmetic, and all the rest. It’s very important. But it’s not enough. What we typically fail to do is challenge students to create a vision for themselves. (After all, we measure success by standardized test scores, not the quality of their lives at age 25.) Just like kids from privileged families grow up with the assumption that they will inherit a similar station in life as adults, my experience has been that kids dealing with socioeconomic disadvantage do the same: it’s really hard to imagine a life different from the one in which you were raised. Hard, but not impossible.

Once young people have a vision for a new life trajectory, the details on how to make it happen are more likely to work themselves out.

(Get updates at www.twitter.com/stevemiranda.)

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A senior at a nearby high school wrote a terrific opinion column in the Seattle Times recently. The headline for the print edition of the paper is, “Students should craft their own education.”

The author wrote, “Like any student, I’ve had good teachers and bad teachers. Our schools are never going to be filled with only good teachers, but there is one lesson best taught by a bad teacher: The responsibility for one’s education can only be one’s own.”

He continues, “It’s an often-quoted fact that one of the greatest scientific and political minds this continent has produced only had two years of formal education. This trivia about Benjamin Franklin is sometimes used to point out his unique genius. However, Franklin’s genius is not unique. Why did one of 17 children of a candle and soap maker become so successful? As a child, Franklin quickly learned that nobody was going to do anything for him, and this was certainly true of his education. So he read.”

I love this story. But I think the writer makes a crucial error. Learning the importance of taking responsibility for one’s own education is not a lesson best delivered by a bad teacher through his incompetence; that’s a lesson best delivered by a great teacher through a nuanced understanding human development.

This, of course, requires a redefinition of what it means to be a great teacher. In my 12 years as a classroom teacher in traditional schools, I’ve always thought my job was to deliver academic content to students—as much as possible, in as much depth as possible. It’s hard to do that effectively when students are only there because they’re required to, and their primary motivation for completing my assignments is the fear getting a bad grade. To keep them engaged, I’ve had to crank up the charisma and the entertainment value of our 55-minute period. If I could keep them awake and engaged, I’ve always thought, hopefully they would learn some pieces of the lesson I was trying to impart.

Then, I could pat myself on the back for being a great teacher.

It’s a totally backwards way of looking at teaching and learning.

The best teachers don’t focus primarily on delivering academic content to a captive audience. The best teachers focus primarily on helping students understand this: the responsibility for one’s education can only be one’s own. That’s the gift that keeps on giving, even after the student has graduated and moved on to the next stage in life. When students have internalized that message, they can give up playing the game of school where they memorize things in the short term only to forget them three weeks later.

To do this in a traditional learning environment is a near-impossible task. Here’s a short scene that might give you a sense of what I mean:

TEACHER: Good morning class.  I want to have a conversation with you guys about what it means to really own your learning process, to really take responsibility for it yourself.

STUDENT: Will there be a test on this?

The learning environment in a traditional school is dominated by requirements and extrinsic motivators. It’s not designed to teach students responsibility, maturity, or curiosity. Without responsibility, maturity, or curiosity, school for kids becomes a ritual in following directions and placating adults. In that kind of environment, expecting students to take charge of their education is really, really tall order.

The problem with our education system is not budget cuts, lazy students, or bad teachers. School is a design problem. For it to deliver the outcomes we desire, school needs to be redesigned based on a different set up assumptions.

Near the end of his opinion column, the author writes, “Every student is the craftsman of their own education, whether they realize it or not. We as students must dismiss the idea that we are entitled to a good education. We are not. . . . We must ensure for ourselves that we are well-educated.”

I don’t believe that for a second. Of course students are entitled to a good education. We just need to redefine what the words “good education” mean.

(Get updates at www.twitter.com/stevemiranda.)

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